Why Black Therapists Are Important

Written By

Erica Barnes


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african american doctor in white coat smiling in front of laptop

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The therapist-client relationship is one built on understanding, trust, and rapport. For black clients especially, having a therapist who shares and relates to their cultural background and lived experiences can be crucial for building that therapeutic bond.

As the demand for more inclusive and culturally competent mental health care grows, the value of black therapists comes more into focus.

Cultural Competency in Mental Healthcare

Cultural competency refers to a therapist’s ability to understand, communicate with, and provide effective treatment to clients from diverse cultures and backgrounds.

  • Research shows that cultural competency strengthens the therapist-client alliance, improves diagnosis and treatment, and leads to better outcomes for marginalized groups.

The Need for Representation

Seeing oneself reflected in positions of knowledge, authority, and care has profound impacts. For black Americans – a group that has faced exclusion and oppression in healthcare – black therapists provide meaningful representation in the mental health field.

  • Their visibility sends the message: healing spaces can be for you too.
african american counselor in a suit smiling

Shared Lived Experience

A shared cultural background with clients allows black therapists to truly empathize with and validate black clients’ experiences of racism, discrimination, intergenerational trauma, or issues around identity. As one black psychiatrist explained:

“I have an intimate understanding of their lived experience. I know in granular detail the things that broke their hearts and spirits along the way.”

Bringing Cultural Context

Black therapists draw on their firsthand cultural knowledge and insights to contextualize clients’ mental health.

  • They understand how systemic racism, microaggressions, internalized beliefs, or cultural values may factor into one’s anxiety, depression, relationships, and more.

Fostering Trust and Safety

For many black Americans, the specter of racism and bias in healthcare breeds mistrust and deters them from seeking treatment. However, research indicates that having a black therapist mitigates concerns about being misunderstood or judged due to race.

  • This accelerates the process of building trust, safety, and comfort – the foundation of effective therapy.

Cultural Barriers to Treatment

Historical exploitation and harm of black patients in medicineUnethical medical experimentation on slaves; coercive sterilization programs
Cultural stigma against mental healthcareBelief that depression or anxiety should be handled privately within family or community
Concerns about therapist bias or lack of cultural competenceWorry that therapist will pathologize cultural norms; minimize experiences of racism

Matching clients with culturally attuned black therapists helps overcome barriers to much-needed mental health treatment.

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Expanding Access and Options

Currently in the United States, only 4% of psychologists identify as African American.

  • With such an imbalance between the therapist workforce and population, expanding the ranks of black therapists directly translates to increased access and options for the over 15 million black Americans needing mental healthcare.

The Need for an Inclusive Profession

Diversity among therapists should reflect and respond to America’s cultural diversity.

  • More black therapists means more opportunities for clients to find the provider that’s the best fit – whether due to gender, age, background, approach, or other factors.
  • It also helps normalize mental healthcare across all communities.


While any good therapist aims for cultural awareness, black therapists hold a unique ability to understand and heal members of their community.

As agents of representation, empathy, trust, and access, black therapists fill an indispensable role in moving toward equality in mental healthcare. 

The field must continue diversifying to serve its diverse public.

Mental health within the black community | TED

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About the author

Erica Barnes

Erica Barnes

I’m an African American woman living in New York, with a Bachelor's degree in Communication. I’m passionate about researching mental health topics, spirituality, and breaking down stigma in my community. I’ve dedicated my life to shedding light on important issues surrounding mental health and working towards creating a more understanding and compassionate society. As a researcher at Therapy Helpers, I’m here to use my skills to educate and inspire others through insightful articles. Thank you for being here!Social

2 thoughts on “Why Black Therapists Are Important”

  1. As a black woman, I deeply appreciated how this article highlighted the value that black therapists uniquely provide for our community. Having a therapist who intimately understands the cultural context of your life experiences is so important for feeling truly seen and building trust in the therapeutic relationship. I love that this can help break down barriers that keep many black folks from seeking mental health support.

  2. I advocate for equitable mental health access and am encouraged to see this article thoughtfully address the value of having providers from diverse backgrounds who can profoundly understand patients’ cultural contexts. This kind of messaging helps move the needle on breaking down biases keeping many demographics from seeking necessary care, whether due to stigma, lack of representation hindering vulnerability, or systemic barriers. There is always more room for progress, but thoughtful acknowledgment of issues on this topic can spark actionable discourse.


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