Can Therapists Talk About Religion?

Written By

Erica Barnes


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Religion can be an integral part of many people’s lives. For some, faith provides comfort, community, and guidance. However, religion is also deeply personal.

This raises an important question: should therapists incorporate discussions of religion into counseling sessions? Below, we analyze ethical and practical considerations around this issue.

Religion as Part of Identity

For many, religion goes beyond a set of beliefs. It is intertwined with cultural background and personal history. A therapist who fails to acknowledge this risks missing a core part of the client’s identity. As the American Counseling Association Code of Ethics states:

Counselors are aware of—and avoid imposing—their own values, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. Counselors respect the diversity of clients.

A stance of openness allows the client to share their beliefs with the therapist should they choose to.

Risks of Imposing Beliefs

Violations of Client Autonomy and Consent

There are good reasons for therapists, including multicultural counselors, to proceed cautiously around issues of faith.

A therapist seen as imposing their own religious views risks damaging the therapeutic relationship. This violates principles of client autonomy and consent central to counseling ethics.


It can also backfire pragmatically. A meta-analysis in Journal of Clinical Psychology found religious interventions in counseling only effective when the client expressly wants this guidance. For those not seeking it, outcomes can worsen.

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Can therapists incorporate the religious beliefs of their patients?

Navigating the Complexities

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Does this mean religion should be off limits? Not necessarily. With care and skill, therapists can create space for clients to discuss their beliefs should they wish. The key is recognizing complexity. The APA’s guidelines state:

Psychologists are encouraged to recognize that religiosity and spirituality are important aspects of human diversity.

With training and cultural awareness, therapists can help clients explore how faith intersects with mental health. The goal is not imposing values but fostering self-determination.

Establishing Informed Consent

What should a therapist do if religious issues seem central to a client’s goals?


Experts recommend best practices:

  • Openly communicating about the role religion will and will not play in counseling
  • Referring the client to a specialist if values conflict significantly

Informed consent allows the client to decide if the therapist is a good fit.

It also reduces risks of therapists overstepping expertise. Most licensing boards require this transparency.

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Promoting Welfare Within a Scope of Practice

Ultimately, therapists must balance competing demands.


The table below summarizes key considerations:

Support Client ValuesAvoid Imposing BeliefsPractice Within Expertise
Counselor respects diversityTherapist proceeds cautiously on religionRefer out if major value conflicts
Explore client’s identityConsent before religious counselingDisclose if limits to competence

The goal is promoting client welfare – mind, body and spirit. This requires understanding religion’s role while also establishing boundaries. Self-awareness of their own beliefs helps therapists walk this delicate line.

Conclusion: An Open and Mindful Stance

So should therapists talk to clients about faith? Often the ethical answer is “it depends”. Through dialogue and consent, therapists can create space for clients’ religiosity within limits.

The key is maintaining an open-minded and thoughtful presence regarding this profound aspect of human diversity.

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About the author

Erica Barnes

Erica Barnes

I’m an African American woman living in New York, with a Bachelor's degree in Communication. I’m passionate about researching mental health topics, spirituality, and breaking down stigma in my community. I’ve dedicated my life to shedding light on important issues surrounding mental health and working towards creating a more understanding and compassionate society. As a researcher at Therapy Helpers, I’m here to use my skills to educate and inspire others through insightful articles. Thank you for being here!Social

1 thought on “Can Therapists Talk About Religion?”

  1. I find it very concerning when therapists bring religion into sessions – as I who went to a religious therapist for years….I felt immense pressure to conform to her faith and worldview. She would frequently quote Bible verses and talk about how my problems stemmed from lack of faith or sin. This was extremely damaging and hindered my ability to work through personal issues. Therapists should remain neutral and open-minded – not push any agenda.


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