What Topics Are Off Limits In Therapy Sessions?

Written By

Helen Kaminski, MSc


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Therapy offers a safe space for clients to explore any issues troubling them. However, some topics do pose ethical dilemmas for the therapist.

This article examines areas that may be off-limits and why boundaries exist.

The therapeutic relationship

The relationship between a therapist and client necessitates clear boundaries. These ensure objectivity and prevent conflicts of interest arising. As such, there are certain topics that should be off the table.

Dual relationships

Entering a dual relationship with a client goes against codes of ethics. This means:

  • Becoming friends
  • Engaging in a romantic/sexual relationship

Maintaining the boundaries of the existing professional therapy relationship is key. Any dual role risks compromising the therapist’s objectivity and ability to act in the client’s best interests.

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Matters requiring reporting

Therapists are legally required to report:

  • Abuse/neglect of minors or vulnerable adults
  • Imminent risk of harm to the client or others

This duty overrides confidentiality, aiming to protect those at risk. While crucial for safety, mandated reporting can also deter open discussion if a client fears the consequences.

Taboo topics

Some topics do not have strict rules but may make either party uncomfortable. These include:

Uncomfortable topics for:ClientTherapist
Client’s attraction to the therapist
Therapist’s personal disclosures irrelevant to therapy
Intimate details of client’s sex life

The therapist must gauge if exploring such topics would benefit the client, without compromising their own neutrality.

  • Client’s attraction to the therapist
  • Therapist’s personal disclosures irrelevant to therapy
  • Intimate details of client’s sex life

Select personal sharing shows empathy, but oversharing can shift focus away from the client.

Additional considerations around sensitive topics:

  • Process concerns directly instead of avoidance
  • Emphasize understanding over judgment
  • Determine if another professional is better equipped
  • Consult with supervision for guidance on best practices

The therapeutic relationship hinges on openness balanced with clinical wisdom in scoping difficult conversations. Therapists can navigate tense territory with insight and discretion to advance clients’ well-being.

Navigating sensitive subjects

At times, a therapist may need to broach dicey topics that don’t clearly fit any prohibited category. In such cases, it’s wise to:

Weigh necessity

  • Is discussing this sensitive issue essential for the client’s treatment goals?
  • Can we approach the topic indirectly or through less charged examples?

Prioritize wellbeing

  • Will raising this topic cause substantial distress or harm?
  • Are there sufficient support systems available if needed?

Check-in frequently

  • Gain consent to discuss uncomfortable subjects
  • Remain alert to signs of distress
  • Offer breaks or change course if appropriate

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By balancing beneficence and non-maleficence, therapists can uphold their duty of care when navigating sensitive matters.

  • While no hard-and-fast rules exist, open communication and checking in with the client’s state can enable progress while avoiding harm.

What are your thoughts on handling dicey topics in therapy? When done judiciously, there can be value in working through taboos or discomforts.

However, the client's welfare must stay paramount throughout.
Never say this to your therapist

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About the author

Helen Kaminski, MSc

Helen Kaminski, MSc

Mindful living for a happier, healthier you. I’m a writer and mental health advocate in Warsaw, Poland, with five years working as a therapist. I hold a psychology degree from the University of Warsaw. I specialize in writing about mental health, using my experiences and academic background to educate and inspire others. In my free time, I volunteer at a Disability Learning Center and go for nature walks. My writing aims to break down mental health stigma and help others feel understood. Social

1 thought on “What Topics Are Off Limits In Therapy Sessions?”

  1. Thank you for blog this is beneficial since I’m thinking about trying therapy because the thought of seeking help from a qualified therapists is like looking for a lifeline in the emotions.


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